It is safe to say that water is the most essential resource on the planet Earth, yet we don’t realize the importance of it. We humans are made up of 60% H2O and the planet we are living on is 70% covered in water.
Still, it seems that we either aren’t grateful for the access we have to it or we think that it is normal that it is like that.
Sadly, many communities in Third World countries don’t have access to clean, running water for drinking and that is a problem. Major health and humanitarian organizations have been doing their best in the past few decades to try to give these communities safe water, and they have been making huge steps forward in this goal.
Millions of people now have at least nearby access to clean water for drinking across Africa, and parts of South America. The main reason for these steps forward is a technology called water filtration.
Tap water needs to be filtered from the heavy metals, pathogens, and odors that it usually contains. This is not just for water in Third World countries, either. Normal tap water is still not the healthiest option as it contains heavy metals, bacteria, and other substances that could potentially harm your health.
Nowadays, a water purifier is a staple in many households, and carbon filters have become a game changer. But how do carbon filters affect your tap water, and what do they remove? Let’s take a look.
What Kind of Technique Does Carbon Filtration Use?
While some people are more familiar with the reverse osmosis system, carbon filters work by physically blocking harmful compounds and eliminating these from your tap water. Some see it as a more effective process, and carbon filters are taking over in popularity when compared to reverse osmosis.
The idea is to find the most effective way of purifying your water without breaking the bank, and the carbon filter method allows for such. But, why is cleaning tap water so important?
Certain heavy metals like lead, mercury, and fluorine, could cause potential harm to your overall health, especially to your brain cells as well as increase the risks of the certain type of cancers.
The way carbon filters work is through covering a large amount of risk – what do we mean? It is said that a pound of carbon can cover over 125 acres, not letting any heavy metals and odors through, which means that the carbon filter method certainly is very effective.
What are the Types of Carbon Filters
There are two main carbon filter types – the granulated activated carbon and the block carbon. There are certain advantages to both of these types depending on what you are looking to achieve.
The block carbon filter has a better contaminant removal ratio and is an excellent choice if you are looking to get the best efficiency for the cheapest price. On the other hand, activated carbon does include positively charged ions, which means it is great for attracting a variety of harmful contaminants to keep them out of your water.
What are the Compounds that Carbon Filters Protect You From?
There is a large variety of heavy metals as well as chemicals that are produced by humans that can be found in our drinking water, such as pesticides, herbicides, etc. All carbon filters work to remove benzene, radon, chlorine as well as certain methane (solvent) compounds that could be of serious threat to your overall health.
While osmosis stands a higher chance of removing heavy metals and inorganic compounds, carbon filters do a great job with removing man-made chemicals.
What Do Carbon Filters Lack?
Carbon filters don’t do as good of a job when it comes to removing certain heavy metal compounds like lead, mercury, copper, cadmium, fluoride, nitrates, selenium, etc. That is where the process of osmosis is more effective. The same is true with bacteria and viruses.
Almost any water purifier is running on a carbon filter and is often combined with the process of osmosis. This will allow you to drink healthy and odor-free water, and make those 8 glasses of water safe for you to drink.
With all the different chemicals that our tap water contains, it is more vital than ever before to have one in your kitchen to ensure that you and your family are drinking safe, clean, metal-free water without accruing the cost of buying bottled water every day.